Bull Market: Meaning and Definition

When central banks announce lower interest rates, this can increase company valuations, as investors assume the cost of debt will be lower for the foreseeable future. Yet, if interest rate decreases are more significant than the market expects, this can also lead to a reduction in stock prices. According to many, the current bull market started on March 9, 2009.

To break that record would really be an achievement worth celebrating. Trading via derivatives such as spread bets and CFDs on assets that you expect to increase in value is the simplest way to trade a bull market. Both short and long-term strategies can be practised on our trading platform, so open an account​ to get started using our products. The global financial crisis of 2008 was, at the time, the most severe market crash since the Great Depression. Bull markets generally last longer than bear markets, and gains in bull markets usually outweigh losses in bear markets.

He is a CFA charterholder as well as holding FINRA Series 7, 55 & 63 licenses. He currently researches and teaches economic sociology and the social studies of finance at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. The content on this website is for informational purposes only and does not constitute a comprehensive description of Titan’s investment advisory services. Charts and graphs provided within are for informational purposes solely and should not be relied upon when making any investment decision.

  • A bull market is a financial market in which prices are rising or are expected to rise.
  • ​​A bull market usually means that there has been a 20% rise in prices over some time , after a previous 20% decline, followed by another 20% decrease.
  • References to any securities or digital assets are for illustrative purposes only and do not constitute an investment recommendation or offer to provide investment advisory services.
  • However, because it is difficult to assess the state of the market as it exists currently, these strategies involve at least some degree of risk as well.
  • And these moods, bullish and bearish behaviors, reflect the investors’ sentiment towards their own buying and selling behavior.

When a market is doing well, the prices in that market will increase. This increase in market prices over an extended period of time is called a bull market. The Bull Market meaning is a positive rise in prices in most stocks in general and an increase in the overall health of the stock market. Any publicly traded corporation uses the stock market to sell their shares, or stocks, to the public to raise money. When a Bull Market is occurring, investors are a lot more confident and eager to invest more money.

Common investment questions

Interest rates went lower and lower, causing excitement among real estate investors and bull conditions in the real estate market. At the same time, the financial institutions that supported Key Roles & Responsibilities in a Software Development Team the mortgage industry invented new loan vehicles and lowered lending standards. But we don’t believe this bull market, though it’s been exceptionally long, has run its course just yet.

bull market us history definition

Over time, this can help to average out the cost of your investment. The most long-running bull market in modern US history began in 1982 and ended in the dotcom crash of 2000, with a brief upset occurring in the crash of 1987. During this 18-year ‘secular’ bull market – secular meaning one lasting for over five years – the Dow Jones Industrial Average averaged annual returns of 16.8%. The bull market was even more pronounced on the tech-heavy NASDAQ, whose value grew fivefold between 1995 and 2000.

Bull Market vs. Bear Market

An advisor can review your investments and help you develop a plan to meet your goals. When attempting to time the market, you risk buying high before the market declines. That can lead you to make rash decisions, like selling at a loss to try and salvage some cash. In November 2017, CNBC ran a piece entitled ‘Here’s what “bull market” means and how you know if you’re in one’. Interestingly, it reveals that over half of respondents in a financial fitness survey couldn’t define the financial term. For example, if a business earns $1 billion per year and has 1 billion shares, its earnings per share are $1.

This creates a situation in which there is a strong demand for shares, but the supply is low. Because the competition for the few available shares is high, investors are willing to pay more to obtain them, which drives up the prices even more. Investors are willing to pay more because they believe that the shares will bring them a big profit.

The term “bull market” is most often used to refer to the stock market but can be applied to anything that is traded, such as bonds, real estate, currencies, and commodities. During a bull market, investors tend to feel confident in the strength of the stock market and its future performance. Typically, investors buy more stock during a bull market and usually hold onto their investments. The term is often used in the media when stock markets are rising, or when confidence returns, and people think a bear market is coming to an end. The cause behind prices rising in a bull market depends on the individual bull run. In many cases, a bull run is the result of low-interest rates, investor confidence, business-friendly regulatory environments, market stability, and a host of other conditions.

Globalization resulted in an increase in trade across the world and has made international investment more prevalent. Caleb Silver is the Editor in Chief of Investopedia and host of The Investopedia Express podcast. He is an award-winning business journalist who has previously worked as the Director of Business News at CNN, the Executive Producer of CNN Money, and a Senior Producer at Bloomberg Television. He is a frequent guest on NBC, CNBC, MSNBC, Yahoo Finance, and ABC Radio. Chartists can establish direction by making use of the moving average to the High-Low List.

This resulted in a reduction in stock market prices that ended the bull run. A buy and hold/trend following strategy involves purchasing additional shares as stock prices rise. These typically accompany recessions, falling investor confidence, reduced corporate profits and rising unemployment, which are also traits of a market crash​.

Confidence is high and investors “rush” into the market to buy stocks. You are probably wondering why ”bull” and ”bear” are used to describe these markets. The names come from the direction in which the animals strike their enemies.

bull market us history definition

A secular bull market is an overarching trend that lasts much longer than a bull market in isolation. It is a term used when a bull market goes through a market is kraken legit correction period. Market drop counts as a market correction if the market drops around 10% but resumes to an upward trend without entering a bear market phase.

Origination of Terms

If you want to explore bull and bear markets further, our comprehensive glossary has lots more definitions of related terms including bear market, stock market, trend and investor. As well bitfinex exchange review as bull and bearmarkets, investors often speak about bullish and bearish stocks. Bullish stocksare those characterised by very strong uptrend moves, in which the price rises in waves.

bull market us history definition

Their fears can cause them to sell stocks, hold cash and seek out alternative investments like bonds, precious metals, real estate or money market funds—rather than stocks. On the other hand, a bear market indicates a downward trend in stock market prices over months or years. In an opposite fashion to bullish markets, a market is in its bear phase after suffering a 20% decrease in prices, typically preceded by a 20% or more increase in prices. Broadly speaking, a bull market is a sustained period — usually months or years — when prices rise.

When stocks are rising in value across the board, journalists often reference a bull market, which the opposite of a bear market, or period of decline. In the stock market, bulls are speculators who believe that their investments are growing. Optimistic by nature, their can-do attitude can drive market prices higher, while their fierce determination allows them to face any short-term challenge head-on—just like their namesake.

Lower interest rates

They hope that recent returns will continue, but they’re buying near the top. Smart investors look very carefully for signs of weakness in the trend. If the upward moves start to peter out, it could be a sign of an approaching primary downtrend – the onset of the next bear market. It refers to an upward trend in stock market prices, typically over a period of months or years. As technology made its way into US homes and factories, the domestic economy benefited from an efficiency boom that helped market conditions. Unfortunately, the potential for inflation began to enter the economy in 1956, which caused the Federal Reserve to increase interest rates.

When the stock price to each dollar of earnings per share starts to rise, investors tend to start selling their shares because if the earnings drop, the P/E ratio rises. Monitoring the P/E helps investors make decisions on their investments. ​​A bull market usually means that there has been a 20% rise in prices over some time , after a previous 20% decline, followed by another 20% decrease. If the prices rise or fall 10% or less, it is considered a market correction phase. Think of a bear swiping downward with its claws, knocking the market down. Much of the volatility in markets is due to investor sentiment, or how investors in general feel prices are going to swing.

Some may have come close to zero returns, but none crossed the line. This signified the end of a bull market in gold that started in 2000. A positive note on Bull vs. Bear markets is that Bull Markets typically last much longer than Bear Markets do, giving investors hope and confidence in long term holdings.

Even though the bear market which followed was short-lived, the 2020 crash signaled a Covid-19 driven recession. However, already on the 7th of April 2020, markets re-entered a bull market showing signs of recovery. When prices fail to fall over time, investors enter a state ofirrational exuberance. They begin bidding prices above the actual underlying value, wildly over-valuing the investments. This creates what is known as anasset bubble, where prices rise until the supply of the assets resists any more rise in price. Investors begin to panic and sell; the bubble bursts and prices begin to fall.

Investor confidence will also tend to climb throughout a bull market period. The overall demand for stocks will be positive, along with the overall tone of the market. In addition, there will be a general increase in the amount of IPO activity during bull markets. A bull market, or a bull run, is an extended period of rising stock prices. A bull market is the inverse of a bear market, which is a downward trending stock market. During a bear market, investors tend to be pessimistic about the stock market, and may be nervous about their portfolios.

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